Sensory disorder, also known as sensory processing disorder or sensory integration disorder, is a condition in which the brain has difficulty processing and interpreting sensory information from the body and the environment. This can lead to difficulties with behaviors, attention, and overall functioning.
There are three main types of sensory processing disorders: sensory modulation disorder, sensory-based motor disorder, and sensory discrimination disorder.
Sensory modulation disorder refers to difficulties regulating responses to sensory input. This can lead to over- or under-responsiveness to stimuli, such as being easily overwhelmed by loud noises or having difficulty feeling pain.
Sensory-based motor disorder refers to difficulties with movement and coordination due to the brain's difficulty processing sensory information. This can lead to clumsiness, difficulty with balance, and difficulty with fine motor skills.
Sensory discrimination disorder refers to difficulties accurately perceiving and interpreting sensory information. This can lead to difficulties with tasks such as handwriting or distinguishing between similar objects.
Sensory processing disorder can affect people of all ages and can have a significant impact on daily life. Children with sensory processing disorder may have difficulty with self-care tasks, such as dressing and grooming, and may have difficulty participating in social activities. They may also have difficulty with academic tasks, such as paying attention in class or completing assignments.
Adults with sensory processing disorder may have difficulty with work and daily activities, and may struggle with relationships and social interactions.
Treatment for sensory processing disorder typically involves occupational therapy, which can help individuals learn strategies for managing their sensory needs and improving their functioning. Other treatments may include sensory integration therapy, which focuses on helping individuals integrate sensory information, and behavioral therapy, which can help individuals learn coping strategies for managing their symptoms.
It's important to note that sensory processing disorder is not a standalone condition – it often occurs alongside other conditions such as ADHD, autism, and anxiety. Seeking the help of a qualified healthcare professional, such as an occupational therapist or psychologist, can help individuals with sensory processing disorder manage their symptoms and improve their overall functioning.